Lesson Plan

Lincoln in the White House

Republican Convention held May 16 - 18, 1860, at the Wigwam in Chicago, Illinois.
Republican Convention held May 16 - 18, 1860, at the Wigwam in Chicago, Illinois.
Library of Congress

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Subject:
Anthropology, Civil War, Economics, Geography, Government, History, Pioneer America, Sociology, Westward Expansion
Duration:
1 Hour
Group Size:
Up to 24
Setting:
classroom
National/State Standards:
National Council for Social Studies (NCSS): The Eight Standards

U.S. History: 1, 1A, 2, 2D, 2E, 3A, 6
Geography: I, II, IV, V, VI
English: I, II, III

Overview

During the Illinois Republican Convention held in Decatur in early May 1860, Abraham Lincoln received his first endorsement as candidate for the presidency of the United States.  His supporters promoted him as "The Rail Candidate."  Through the use of compromises and promises at the National Republican Convention held in Chicago, Lincoln became a compromise candidate on the third ballot held on May 18, beating out rivals William H. Seward of New York and Salmon P. Chase of Ohio. 

Objective(s)

Students will research the political compromises and actions taken by Lincoln and his party in order to secure his party nomination and later obtain the necessary electoral votes needed to become President of the United States.



Background

The Lincoln - Douglas Debates of 1858 catapulted Abraham Lincoln to national prominence for his stance on slavery in the United States. His belief in restricting the expansion of slavery into the western territories appealed to many people in the North.  Although
Lincoln lost the election for the Senate seat from Illinois to Stephen A. Douglas in 1858, the
national newspaper coverage of the debates made him a household name.  His party and
national status was elevated further on February 27, 1860, when he delivered his Cooper Union speech in New York City before prominent Republican Party members. 

During the Illinois Republican State Convention held at Decatur in early May 1860,
Abraham Lincoln received his first endorsement as a candidate for the presidency of the
United States.  Referring back to Lincoln's earlier years on the frontier, his supporters 
promoted him as "The Rail Candidate."  Heading into the Republican National Convention in Chicago, Illinois on May 16, 1860, Lincoln posted a second place
showing on the first balloting.  Through the use of compromises and promises, Lincoln
gained more support and finally became a compromise candidate on the third round of
balloting at the Convention, ahead of his key rivals William H. Seward of New York and 
Salmon P. Chase of Illinois.  Ironically, both men would later serve in Lincoln's cabinet.

Republican Presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln would square off against his old 
Illinois rival, Stephen A. Douglas, in the election of 1860 as Douglas was nominated for
President by the Northern Democrats.  A split in the Democrat Party led the Southern Democrats to nominate a pro - slavery candidate, the sitting Vice - President, John C.
Breckinridge of Kentucky.  Those of the old Whig and Know Nothing Parties that felt disenfranchised by all of the other candidates put their support behind a fourth candidate of the new Union, or Constitutional Party, John Bell of Tennessee.

The election of Abraham Lincoln on November 6, 1860, became the catalyst that 
ignited the Civil War.  Six weeks after Lincoln's election as President of the United
States, South Carolina seceded from the Union on December 20, 1860, followed by
six more states of the Deep South before Lincoln was inaugurated as President on 
March 4, 1861.         



Materials

For this lesson students will need one of four accounts from the book Meeting Mr. Lincoln, journal entry example sheet, and journal entry worksheet.



Procedure

  • Start the lesson with appropriate lecture notes.
  • Instruct students on requirements for journal entry.
  • Hand out examples of the journal entry.
  • Critique the journal entry.
  • Elaborate on why it is considered to be a good example.
  • Hand out selected reading material.
  • Instruct students to annotate the reading material.
  • Students will create an outline of what information they will use in the journal entry as required by the blank journal entry worksheet.
  • Instruct students on how to document using APA Chicago style footnotes.
  • Allow students time to work on assignment.
  • Provide for peer grading opportunities.
  • Wrap up the lesson with a discussion on what information they obtained from the reading material.
  • Summative assignment will be the completed journal entry.

Assessment

 

4

3

2

1

Required Elements

 

Includes at least one quotation from research material and includes at least six biographical details from ABLI life. All five Journal entries cover at least four different genres. Outline notes are included for all Journal entries.

Includes at least one quotation from research material and includes at least six biographical details from ABLI life. All five Journal entries cover at least three different genres. Outline notes are included for all or most artifacts.

Missing one to two required elements. May have no quotation from the novel or fewer than six artifacts. Outline notes are included for most artifacts.

Missing three or more required elements (i.e., the quotation from the novel and six biographical details. Outline notes are incomplete or not included for the artifacts.

Topic/Content

 

Journal entries clearly relate to the main topic. Covers topic completely and in depth. Encourages readers to know more.

 

Journal entries clearly relates to the main topic. Includes essential information and enough elaboration to give readers an understanding of the topic.

 

Journal entries clearly relates to the main topic. Includes some essential information with few facts or details.

 

Journal entries have little or nothing to do with the main topic. Includes little essential information and only one or two facts

 

Creativity

 

A lot of thought was put into making the Journal entries interesting and fun as shown by creative style and outline notes.

 

Some thought was put into making the Journal entries interesting and fun as shown by the creative style and outline notes.

 

Some thought was put into making the Journal entries interesting and fun, but some of the things made it harder to understand/enjoy.

 

Little thought was put into making the Journal entries interesting or fun.

 

Bibliographical Resources

 

Includes properly cited sources and complete information. Students will use Chicago style APA footnotes.

 

Documentation is included for all sources, but some bibliographical information is missing.

 

Documentation for some sources is missing and/or incomplete.

 

No documentation is included.

 

Mechanics

 

Grammar, spelling, punctuation, capitalization are correct. No errors in the text.

Journal must be 1 page in length. 12 Font Times new roman.

Spacing no more than 1.5 with footnotes included at the bottom of the page.

 

Includes 2-3 grammatical errors, misspellings, punctuation errors, etc.

 

Includes 3-4 grammatical errors, misspellings, punctuation errors, etc.

 

Includes more than 5 grammatical errors, misspellings, punctuation errors, etc.





Park Connections

www.nps.gov/liho



Additional Resources

http://www.myloc.gov/Exhibitions/lincoln/rise/Pages/default.aspx

Victoria Radford, Meeting Mr. Lincoln: Firsthand Recollections of Abraham Lincoln by People, Great and Small, Who Met the President (Ivan R. Dee, 1998) p. 19 - 21.

Ibid, p. 27 - 31.

Ibid, p. 44 - 50.

Ibid, p. 51 - 60.



Vocabulary

Ballots, campaign, compromise, politics, nomination, electoral votes, social issues