Bill Johnson

Paper Mulberry

Broussonetia papyrifera (L.) L’Her. ex Vent.
Mulberry family (Moraceae)

Origin: Japan and Taiwan

Paper mulberry was introduced for use as a fast-growing shade tree. Native Pacific cultures use it to make bark cloth.

Distribution and Habitat
Found from Illinois to Massachusetts, south to Florida and west to Texas, paper mulberry invades open habitats such as forest and field edges. Internationally, it is identified as an invasive weed in over a dozen countries.

Ecological Threat
Once established it grows vigorously, displacing native plants through competition and shading. If left unmanaged, paper mulberry can dominate a site. Its shallow root system makes it susceptible to blowing over during high winds, posing a hazard to people and causing slope erosion and further degradation of an area.

Amy Richard, UFL

Description and Biology

Prevention and Control
See Control Options.

Native Alternatives
Basswood (Tilia heterophylla) and sassafras (Sassafras albidum) have similar foliage and form and grow in similar places as paper mulberry.


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Last updated:11-Nov-2010