SCIENTIFIC NAME/COMMON NAME
Kartesz (1994) is used as the taxonomic authority for all species names. This information is available on the WeedUS Database http://www.invasive.org/weedus/.
This information is available from the WeedUS database on the Weeds Gone Wild web page: http://www.invasive.org/weedus/.
Provide a description of the plant, including the type and form of the whole plant, average height, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds and other features necessary for identification. Provide information on similar looking plants if applicable that could be confused with the invasive species.
Summarize various ecological impacts of the plant to natural habitats and ecosystems in the U.S. Include any known or potential impacts to endangered, threatened, or rare species as well as impacts to soils, hydrology, fire regimes, etc.
DISTRIBUTION IN THE UNITED STATES
Information on the invasive distribution of the plant in natural areas is available from the WeedUS Database: http://www.invasive.org/weedus/. General occurrence information without reference to invasiveness, is available through the USDA Plants Database at: http://plants.usda.gov/.
HABITAT IN THE UNITED STATES
Describe natural area habitats invaded or otherwise occupied by the plant, with emphasis on its impact to natural habitats. Also mention if the plant is invasive in agricultural lands, range lands, national forests, roadways, gardens, and other areas as well.
Provide a historical account of when, where, and by what means the plant was introduced to the U.S. if known. Where available, include known uses of the plant but avoid extolling the beauty, benefits, and other positive aspects of the plant so as not to encourage its use.
BIOLOGY & SPREAD
Describe the longevity of the plant (annual, biennial, or perennial) and its sexual (seed) and asexual (vegetative) methods of reproduction, time of flowering and fruit production, and methods of spread including seed dispersal and spread by vegetative growth or transport of vegetative structures. Feel free to include information on associated pollinators, seed-dispersers, foragers, etc. and whenever applicable, include methods of spread by humans, machinery and other equipment.
Summarize the various control methods (biological, chemical, manual, mechanical) that are currently used and are known to be effective in controlling the plant. Use chemical name (e.g., glyphosate) first and put brand name (e.g., Roundup) in parentheses. Focus on herbicides with low toxicity and low leaching potential and information useful to homeowners as well as professionals. Provide guidance on restoration of controlled sites when possible.
"For more information on the management of (Common name), please contact..." Include name, affiliation, email address, and phone/fax, and mailing address if available and with prior permission from each person.
SUGGESTED ALTERNATIVE PLANTS
Suggest plants, especially native species, that are good substitutes for the invasive plant, if appropriate.
Suggest links where additional information or photos can be found for the species (i.e. invasive.org).
Name, affiliation, location (city and state), and email address.
Name, affiliation, and date if available
Standard scientific format. For example:
Johnson, A.G., and G.P. Lumis. 1979. Chemical pruning of Euonymus fortunei 'Colorata' with dikegulac-sodium reduced shoot elongation, lateral branching. Horticultural Science 14(5):626-627.